The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has created the Unified Credit Framework, National Higher Equation Qualification Framework (NHEQF), and National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) for the transition from professional and vocational education to engineering and technology. It is intended to be in line with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020’s goal.
According to the credit structure, students will obtain 3 credits at completion of class 10 and 4 credits with completion of class 12 or the second year of a diploma. After completing a BE or BTech, a student will receive 6 credits, and after completing a ME or MTech, they would receive 7. After receiving a PhD, students will receive 8 Unified Credit Level (UCF). The official announcement stated, “All AICTE certified institutions/technical universities are requested to make required revisions to their laws and implement the same.”
The council has mandated that every institution or university identify any educational or skill gaps at each admission and then provide the appropriate bridge courses. The skill component with progressive increase in skill in respective disciplines could be implemented in the curriculum as early as the first year of the programme to make the students marketable after every exit.
The purpose of the NHEQF, as well as the credit levels, is to make sure that a student is employable once they have completed their study. According to the AICTE’s informational brochure, a credit structure enables vertical and lateral movement both within the current educational systems and between them. The credit framework, which adheres to the NSQF regulatory framework, specifies the guidelines for credit allocation.
The framework essentially provides distinct entry points into the traditional educational system from ITIs and the vocational education sector. It does not take the place of the present educational system. According to the council, it establishes the guidelines for credit distribution and adheres to the NSQF regulatory framework.